Presently, the world is widely connected by the internet and
as a result, it requires extremely high security and the latest encryption
technology. This will protect the hardware, software, and database from cyber-attacks.
Cyber security and physical security both need to safeguard against the
unauthorized use of the database or other unauthorized access of computerized
To protect information systems from major cyber threats such
● Cyber terrorism- Terrorism groups majorly attack networks,
communication systems, computer systems innovatively to gather information.
This is the biggest threat that can take many forms further and harm networking
● Cyberwarfare- In many countries like the U.S. where people live in
society, cyber warfare has been acknowledged as the fifth domain of warfare.
These can cause damage nationwide through national networks. The execution of
cyber warfare is done by the well-trained hackers in favorable and support of
their nation to bring quality information. They are well-versed in operating
● Cyber ransomware- It is the kind of malware where the attacker locks
the victim’s computer-generated files and gets self-authorization to the system
and later demands money to unlock them.
● Cyber malware–malware such as worms, viruses, trojan horses, and
spyware is used to harm computer users.
● Cyber phishing- phishing is the form of an act of fraud where false
emails are sent relatable to reputable sources, intended to steal confidential
details such as login credentials.
The activities performed by the cybercriminals are:
● Credit card fraud.
● Defaming others online.
● Gain unauthorized access to computer systems.
● Avoiding copyright.
● Overriding encryption to make illegal copies.
● Software piracy.
● Misuse of identity to perform criminal acts etc.
Cybercriminals are most often professionals who engage in criminal behavior and are inept in the IT sector or are financially motivated to hack or leak a person’s personal data. Knowing some cybersecurity basics and putting them in practice will help you protect your business and reduce the risk of a cyber attack. Cybersecurity courses typically cover a wide range of topics, from computer security basics to more advanced topics such as ethical hacking,Fundamentals of Cyber Resilience,Risk Management and many more.
How To Deal With
Anyone, Anywhere and at any time can become the victim
of cyber hacking. Let us look at some precautionary methods that can help
decrease your chances of being hacked.
1. While dealing with setting a new password for your email accounts or
social media accounts is to use two-step verifications so that you can ensure
twice to protect your confidential information and do not forget to log
2. To stay safe from spyware threats such as the computer system is
slow while using programs, error messagesstart popping up on your computer
system, etc. There are popular anti-spyware products available online. Hence,
it is advisable to learn before responding to such threats.
3. If you are using popular software or browsers like Adobe Acrobat
Reader, Java, Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Internet Explorer, this software is
always under the threat of criminal minds for that you need installation of
software solutions to take actions on behalf of you.
4. Dealing with access to the internet you should pay attention to
secure your web browser by upgrading to the latest version, for financial
operations to carry out you need to connect your website where data
istransferred and is encrypted.
5. Be careful and do not trust free public Wi-Fi networks.
6. Gather more information and get trained in advanced cyber security programs.
Exploit In Cyber Security
Exploit in cyber security refers to an act of successfully attacking
the computer system, especially that software system which has vulnerability
and it offers intruders to take advantage of it.
An exploit takes advantage of a weakness in a software application
or software code, computerized operating system. The operator of a computer
system or users of the software system are responsible for obtaining a patch
(fixing the) which can be done through the installation of software developer
on the web or it can be automatically installed by the operating system. If
this process leads to failure it can lead to an exploit in the computer system
and the possibility of a security breach.
Exploit Types In Cyber
● SQL injection exploits- It is a web-based security vulnerability
that allows intruders to attack to interfere with the queries that a software
application makes in its database. The impact of a successful SQL injection
attack will be on unauthorized access to sensitive data, personal user
information, and net banking details can cause damage. Retrieving hidden data,
subverting application logic, union attacks, examining the database and blind
SQL injection are examples of SQL injection.
● Zero-day exploit- The term “Zero-day” can be referred to as
presently discovered software vulnerabilities, it can also mean patch or update
to fix computer bugs that have not been released yet. For example, Stuxnet, a
type of zero-day vulnerability, was one of the earliest digitally used weapons.
It is the highly infectious self-replicating computer worm that disrupted
Iranian nuclear plants.
● Buffer overflow exploits- A buffer overflow is a common software
coding mistake that an attacker could exploit to gain the undue advantage of
access to your system. A buffer overflow occurs when data input length is more
than the buffer can handle. Attackers Techniques can successfully exploit this
vulnerability only when you are unclear about the concept of buffer overflow.
● Cross-site scripting (XSS)-is the type of injection in which
malicious scripts are injected into trusted websites. These attacks occur when
data enters a web application through an untrusted source.
● Blind cross-site scripting- it is in the form of cross-site
scripting (XSS). This type of attack is hard to believe in the present
● Apart from the above computer exploitation, it also includes stored
attacks and reflected attacks.
Cyber security has a wider scope and there is an overwhelming need
for cyber security experts. You can have your career as a network security
engineer, cyber security analyst, security architect, cyber security manager,
chief information security officer, security device development professionals.
If you looking for choices, you must take up cyber security courses to upskill
from your basic knowledge of information technology to the expert level. As
Stanford is globally recognized your certificate will also give global
recognition of your awareness about the technology. Stanford also conducts
advanced cyber security courses. These programs will teach you skills
that are required to protect networks, skills to secure electronic assets,
skills required for prevention of attacks, and also to ensure the privacy of
the people yours to build the security infrastructure. Currently, cyber
security is an emerging career to choose from. Moreover, apart from learning basics,
exploitation of web applications and protecting those web applications is also
a great learning opportunity. Emerging cyber-attacks and cyber threats are
severe economic conditions to face.
To beat the ethical hacker, first, you need to hack yourself. Many
people are attempting the hacking for their agenda, these are the constantly
ongoing threats and attacks that are to be considered at the most obvious step,
later on finding vulnerability before the ethical hacker does. Leading the
world in cyber security and having several years of industrial experience
Stanford has its leader and well-experienced mentor to teach the correct path
at live doubt solving sessions. Individual connect plays a vital role in this
field and encourages you to confidentiality. integrity, enthusiasm for your
With the increase in cybercrimes across the world, India takes 11th
position after America, China, Germany, Britain, Brazil, Spain, Italy, France,
Turkey, and Poland as the share of malicious computer activity is equivalent or
less than all countries. cyber security is in need.